In the years 1941-1943, it was the seat of the Jewish Social Self-Help, appointed at the very beginning of the war. Near-by, at no. 22, there was a day care centre for children aged 6-14.
During the ghetto's elimination, in March 1943, the German occupiers murdered all children from the centre. Some time before, the same fate had befallen the little residents of the orphanage, located at nos. 31 and 41 (today, the latter house does not exist) Józefińska Street subsequently.
During one of the displacements, in October 1942, its children were sent to death camps. At the head of the column of children marching to the railway station were the orphanage's director, Anna Feuerstein, and Dawid Kurzmann, who devoted his whole life to his pupils, much like Janusz Korczak. Despite the Germans' suggestion, they did not stay in the ghetto, but instead set off with the children on their last way.
(citation from Magic Cracow)